Indian Journal of Research in Homeopathy

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 59--63

Short-Interval periodic transcranial direct current stimulations may induce long-term remission of symptoms in a patient with poststroke depression


Auwal Bello Hassan1, Musa Sani Danazumi2, Cornelius Mahdi Ishaku1, Abdulsalam Mohammed Yakasai3 
1 Department of Medical Rehabilitation (Physiotherapy), College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
2 Department of Physiotherapy, Federal Medical Center, Nguru, Yobe State; Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Bayero University, Nigeria
3 Medical Rehabilitation Therapists (Reg.) Board of Nigeria, North-West Zonal Office, Kano, Kano State, Nigeria; Department of Physiotherapy, College of Health Sciences, University of Kwazulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Musa Sani Danazumi
Department of Physiotherapy, Federal Medical Center, Nguru, Yobe State; Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Kano State
Nigeria

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been shown to be effective in the management of patients with poststroke depression (PSD) but with a high relapse rate. We present a report of a patient with PSD who had long-term mood improvement upon receiving periodic tDCS sessions with short inter-session intervals following a relapse of symptoms at 3 weeks after improvement due to stimulations with long inter-sessions intervals. A 60-year-old patient presented with moderate PSD, having a Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) score of 25. She received anodal tDCS to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex using two different application protocols. Initially, a stimulation session of 2 mA intensity for 20 min was given every working day for 2 weeks. After 3 weeks, she then received seven sessions of periodic stimulations of 2 mA intensity for 13 min each with 20 min inter-sessions interval. BDI score was taken before the intervention, immediately after, and at 3 weeks and 6 months postintervention. Immediately following the last session of the initial protocol of stimulation, the BDI score reduced from 25 to 7. However, the symptoms relapsed at 3 weeks postintervention to the initial BDI score of 25. There was no change in the BDI score immediately after follow-up with short interval periodic stimulations. Nevertheless, the BDI score improved to 18 at 3 weeks and later to 7 at 6 months postintervention. Series of periodic tDCS with short-intersession intervals may be more effective in inducing long-term mood improvement in patients with PSD.


How to cite this article:
Hassan AB, Danazumi MS, Ishaku CM, Yakasai AM. Short-Interval periodic transcranial direct current stimulations may induce long-term remission of symptoms in a patient with poststroke depression.Niger J Exp Clin Biosci 2020;8:59-63


How to cite this URL:
Hassan AB, Danazumi MS, Ishaku CM, Yakasai AM. Short-Interval periodic transcranial direct current stimulations may induce long-term remission of symptoms in a patient with poststroke depression. Niger J Exp Clin Biosci [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Apr 17 ];8:59-63
Available from: https://www.njecbonline.org/article.asp?issn=2348-053X;year=2020;volume=8;issue=1;spage=59;epage=63;aulast=Hassan;type=0