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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-46

Effects of combining core muscle activation with treadmill walk on endurance of trunk muscles: A pilot study

1 National Orthopaedic Hospital, Physiotherapy Department, P.M.B 3087 Dala, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Bayero University Kano, PMB 3011, Kano, Nigeria
3 College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Olajide Olubanji Olowe
M.Sc Orthopaedic and Sports Physiotherapy (Assistant Director of Physiotherapy) National Orthopaedic Hospital, Physiotherapy Department P.M.B 3087 Dala, Kano
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njecp.njecp_33_20

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Background: Abdominal bracing is one of the most effective techniques for core muscle training, which if combined with treadmill walk (TW) could provide trunk muscle endurance Trunk muscle endurance, despite being observed as an important factor and a huge component of core spinal stability, especially in holding up the spine during prolonged functional activity, prevention and rehabilitation of lumbar mechanical problems and performance enhancer in sports, the impacts of combining core muscle activation with TW exercises on trunk muscle endurance has not be succinctly investigated. Aims: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of combining abdominal bracing with TW on trunk muscles endurance. Materials and Methods: Eighteen apparently healthy young adults were randomized into three groups (TW without abdominal bracing, TW combined with abdominal bracing and control). McGill endurance test measures were carried out at baseline and after 6 weeks of intervention. All participants followed the assigned intervention protocols. Results: One way analysis of variance did not show a significant between-group difference in the postintervention endurance of trunk muscle among the three groups (P > 0.05). In the TW combined with the abdominal bracing group, paired-t test showed significant within-group difference in the form of an increase in the holding times (endurance) for the right lateral flexors (t = −3.758, P = 0.013), left lateral flexors (t = −4.096, P = 0.005), and extensors (t = −2.441, P = 0.050). Conclusion: Combining abdominal bracing with TW can be used to improve trunk muscle function through facilitation of trunk muscle endurance.

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