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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 65-70

Incidence of urinary schistosomiasis among rice farmers in some selected villages of kura local government area, Kano, Nigeria


1 Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Clinical Science, College of Health Science, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Science, College of Health Science, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Abdulrazak Muhammad Idris
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Clinical Science, College of Health Science, Bayero University, Kano
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njecp.njecp_8_20

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Background: Urinary schistosomiasis (bilharziasis) is a chronic parasitic disease characterized by the passage of bloody urine, granulomatous, and fibrotic changes in the wall of the urinary bladder. In Nigeria, little has been achieved in the control of schistosomiasis. The present study aimed to determine the incidence of urinary schistosomiasis among rice farmers in some selected villages of Kura Local Government Area, Kano, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A total of 310 participants were selected using convenient sampling techniques based on the availability and consented participants. The participants' information was collected using a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire and in-depth interview guide. 10 ml of urine sample was collected from each participant in a clean sterile universal container. All samples were examined macroscopically at ×10 and confirmed at ×40 objective lens to determine the presence of ova of Schistosoma haematobium. Results: The overall prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among the rice farmers within the study districts was 50.6%, with the highest incidence of 62.0% at Sarkin Kura district following by 59.6% and 32.4% at Tanawa and Dalili district, respectively. The highest prevalence was obtained in the 10–19 years of age group. Male participants had the highest prevalence. On the bases of educational level, participants with a primary school level of educations had the highest prevalence. Conclusion: Based on the finding of this study, it was concluded that schistosomiasis is endemic in Kura Local Government.


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