Indian Journal of Research in Homeopathy

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 23--27

Methanolic crude leaf extract of Ocimum gratissimum reverses phenylhydrazine-induced anemia in albino wistar rats


Nubila Thomas1, Ukaejiofo Ernest Okem1, Nubila Nkoyo Imelda2, Iyare Eborisiagbon Eghosa3, Chijioke Chioli Pascal2, Ukaejiofo Ayodele Chisolu4, Shuneba Irene Lum5, Agumbah Sochi Jethro1 
1 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
2 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
3 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
4 Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
5 Department of Medicine and surgery, Faculty of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Nubila Thomas
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu State
Nigeria

Background: The therapeutic and culinary applications of Ocimum gratissimum leaf have been practiced in Central and West Africa for decades. This study was designed and conducted to investigate the haematinic and haemopoietic activities of phenylhydrazine-induced anaemia in Albino wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Twenty-four (24) Albino wistar rats were grouped into four (A, B, C and D) with six rats per cage. Groups B, C and D served as the test groups, while group A was the control. The test groups were gavaged with graded doses (4, 8 and 12mg/kg body weight respectively) of Ocimum gratissimum methanolic crude leaf extract once daily for 9 days. Two (2) mls of venous blood was collected from the ocular plexus from each animal into tripotassium ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid anticoagulant bottle. This was used to determine complete blood count using automated haematology autoanalyzer (Sysmex KX-21N). Results: Red blood cell (RBC) mean value recorded a dose and duration-related statistically significant decrease (P < 0.05) in group D on day 3. However, there was statistically significant increase (P < 0.05) in the RBC indices. In addition, total white blood cell (WBC) recorded a marginal increase in the mean values throughout the study period though not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Furthermore, lymphocyte recorded both dose and duration-related statistically significant increase (P < 0.01). Conclusion: From the result of this study, it can be concluded that the methanolic crude leaf extract of Ocimum gratissimum possesses both haemopoetic and haematinic potentials which are dose and duration-related.


How to cite this article:
Thomas N, Okem UE, Imelda NN, Eghosa IE, Pascal CC, Chisolu UA, Lum SI, Jethro AS. Methanolic crude leaf extract of Ocimum gratissimum reverses phenylhydrazine-induced anemia in albino wistar rats.Niger J Exp Clin Biosci 2013;1:23-27


How to cite this URL:
Thomas N, Okem UE, Imelda NN, Eghosa IE, Pascal CC, Chisolu UA, Lum SI, Jethro AS. Methanolic crude leaf extract of Ocimum gratissimum reverses phenylhydrazine-induced anemia in albino wistar rats. Niger J Exp Clin Biosci [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Aug 21 ];1:23-27
Available from: http://www.njecbonline.org/article.asp?issn=2348-053X;year=2013;volume=1;issue=1;spage=23;epage=27;aulast=Thomas;type=0