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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-39

Healthcare workers' knowledge, attitude and practice of HIV postexposure prophylaxis in a South-Eastern Nigerian tertiary hospital


1 Antiretroviral Therapy Clinic, Alex-Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Awka, Nigeria
2 Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
3 Department of Pharmaceutical Services, Alex-Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Abakaliki, Ebonyi, Nigeria
4 Department of Medical Microbiology, Alex-Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Abakaliki, Ebonyi, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chiedozie Kingsley Ojide
Department of Medical Microbiology, Alex-Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/njecp.njecp_27_19

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Background: HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) is an integral aspect of preventive management of HIV/AIDS. Timely provision of HIV PEP after exposures to HIV risky conditions can reduce significantly the possibility of HIV transmission. Objective: To determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of HIV PEP among healthcare workers (HCWs) in a Nigerian tertiary health facility. Methods: Standardized questionnaires designed to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of HIV PEP were administered to 343 HCWs randomly selected from various clinical specialties in the hospital. Their responses were coded, collated and analyzed using SPSS version 24. Simple descriptive statistics was used in the overall analysis and Chi-square statistics for bivariate analysis. Results: Twenty eight (8.2%) of the 343 HCWs had adequate knowledge of HIV PEP. The uptake of HIV PEP among the eligible HCWs was 60% and the provision of HIV PEP to eligible victims of rape was 67.9%. The general attitude on the attitude index was 93.8%. Conclusion: The study revealed a very poor level of knowledge and poor practice of HIV PEP among the HCWs. The attitude towards the HIV PEP intervention was however generally positive.


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