Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 75-78

Sub-acute effects of crude methanolic leaf extract of Irvingia gabonensis (Aubry-Lecomte et O'Rorke Baill) on activated partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time and platelet values in albino wistar rats


1 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria
2 Departments of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu, Nigeria
3 Department of Oromaxillofacial Pathology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Nigeria
4 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Physical Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Thomas Nubila
Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu State
Nigeria
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2348-0149.144840

Rights and Permissions

Background: The use of herbs such as Irvingia gabonensis (Aubry-Lecomte et O'Rorke Baill) for nutrition and to treat diseases is almost universal among nonindustrialized societies, as it is often more affordable than modern pharmaceuticals. Therefore, the objective of this study was to screen the coagulation potentials of the crude methanolic leaf extract of I. gabonensis in albino wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Thirty albino wistar rats were used for the study. They were grouped into: A, B, C, D and E, with Group A as the control. The test Groups (B-E) were orally administered with graded concentrations (50, 100, 150 and 200 mg/kg body weight) respectively once daily for 9 days. Four ml of venous blood was collected from the ocular plexus on days 3, 6 and 9. Two ml was delivered into a test tube containing 0.25 ml of trisodium citrate anticoagulant for the determination of prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT). The remaining 2 ml was emptied into tripotassium ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid anticoagulant bottle for the determination of platelet count. Results: All investigations were analyzed using standard hematological methods. There was no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05) when all the parameters evaluated in the test groups were compared with the control group on day 3. However, there was a statistically significant decrease in Groups B and C (P < 0.05 each) in APTT when compared with the control group on day 6. In addition, there was no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05) recorded in all the parameters investigated in all the test groups when compared with the control group on day 9. There was neither duration of exposure nor dose-related statistically significant difference (P > 0.05) in all the parameters evaluated in all the test groups when days 3, 6 and 9 were compared. Conclusion: From the result of the present study, it can be concluded that I. gabonensis crude methanolic leaf extract has no adverse effects on PT, APTT and Platelet mean values at low dose and short duration.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1714    
    Printed120    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded1022    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal